What is cbd?

a cannibas compound with significant medical benefits, and no psychoactive side effects.

The least processed form of the cannabis plant is hemp. Hemp is the main source of CBD which people consume for medicinal purposes. There is often a misconception that hemp and marijuana are one in the same because they come from the same plant, Cannabis sativa, but in fact, the two are very different.

Over the years, marijuana farmers have selectively bred their plants to contain high levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA).  THCA converts to THC when heat is applied and creates a mind-altering "high" when a person either inhales it or ingests it, by consuming an edible. The amount of THC a person consumes when inhaling or ingesting marijuana can vary depending on how long it has been exposed to heat, the exact temperature, and the device you are utilizing. However, due to selective breeding, percentages have historically risen over time.

In contrast, hemp farmers have rarely modified the plant. Ideally, hemp plants processed to create CBD oil contain less than .3%, and are thereby not psychoactive.  CBD strains with low THC are believed to provide optimal health benefits, and promote relaxation of the body, with little to no psychoactive side effects.

 

HOW DOES CBD WORK?

the science.

All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors. The human body has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.  CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, but the majority are located in the brain.  

The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, memory and recall, and many other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.  

CB2 receptors are more commonly found in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.  Researchers once believed that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors, but it is now widely believed that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor.  Instead, it seems to influence the body to utilize more of its own cannabinoids.

CBD has many potential benefits to a person's health.

Benefits include:

 
 

NATURAL PAIN RELIEF AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES

Studies have shown people tend to overuse prescription, or over-the-counter drugs, to relieve stiffness and pain, including chronic pain.  Some people believe that CBD offers a more natural alternative.  Research has suggested that the non-psychoactive compounds in marijuana, such as CBD, could provide a new treatment for chronic pain.

 

Tobacco Cessation and Drug Detox

Some promising evidence suggests that CBD use may help people to quit smoking.Some early studies have found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and had no further cravings for nicotine.  In a similarreviewpublished in Neurotherapeutics, it was found that CBD may be a promising treatment for people with opioid addiction disorders.  Researchers have noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety, mood-related symptoms, pain, andinsomnia.  More research is necessary, but these findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms.

 

Epilepsy Therapy

After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in 2018.  The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on the patient’s body weight.

 

Treatment of neurological symptoms and disorders

After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in 2018.  The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on the patient’s body weight.

 

Cancer therapy

Some research has found that CBD may prove to help combat cancer. Studies have found evidence that CBD significantly helped to prevent the spread of cancer.  Researchers also noted that the compound tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction. They pointed out that CBD has low levels of toxicity. Further research into its potential as an accompaniment to standard cancer treatments is necessary.

 

Anxiety disorders

Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis, as THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiousness and paranoia.  However, some studies have found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders.

According to the studies, CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions such as:

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • General Anxiety Disorder

  • Panic Disorder

  • Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

 

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes results from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas. Research published in 2016 found that CBD may ease this inflammation in the pancreas. This may be the first step in finding a CBD-based treatment for type 1 diabetes.

 

Acne

Acne treatment is another promising use for CBD. The condition is caused, in part, by inflammation and overworked sebaceous glands in the body.  A 2014 study found that CBD helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne, partly because of its anti-inflammatory effect on the body. Sebum is an oily substance, and overproduction can cause acne.

 

Alzheimer's disease

Initial research has found that CBD was able to prevent the development of social recognition deficit in participants.  This means that CBD could help people in the early stages of Alzheimer's to keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know.